DR (Mrs) PADMINI SWAIN
(a) Degree University/Institution Year Distinction, if any
B.Sc. (Botany Hons.) SB Women’s College,
1980 1 st Class Hons. with
M. Sc (Botany) Utkal University,
1982 1 st Division, Grade A +
Ph. D. in Botany
(Plant Physiology –
Work done at NRRI,
1989 Degree Awarded
(b) Position held Institution Period of appointment Nature of
Scientist NAARM & IARI 05.10.1989 – 20.09.1990 Through ARS
Scientist Central Rice Research
21.09.1990 – 04.10.1994 Regular posting
Scientist Sr. Scale Central Rice Research
05.10.1994 – 04.10.1998 Career
Senior Scientist Central Rice Research
05.10.1998 – 04.10.2006 Career
Principal Scientist Central Rice Research
05.10.2006 – till date Career
Twenty-nine years of Research Experience in different aspects of Production Physiology, Photosynthesis
and productivity, Biomass partitioning, Physiology of Hybrid rice, Stress Physiology like Drought Heat
and Lowlight stress.
Significant Achievements in the Field of Rice Research
Developed a robust field screening technology to screen a large number of rice germplasm lines (2100
at a time) for vegetative stage drought tolerance. Screened more than 11, 650 rice germplasm lines
and identified 250 donor lines over repeated screening and also two wild rice accessions of Oryza
nivara (IC -330470 and IC -330611) as vegetative stage drought tolerant by SES score ‘1’.
Three unique germplasm lines (Mahulata, Brahman nakhi and Salkaiin) for vegetative stage and
one breeding line (CR 143-2-2) for both vegetative and reproductive stage drought tolerance were
registered at NBPGR, New Delhi.
Variety Gopinath (CR Dhan 206) is being developed for aerobic condition using Brahman nakhi as
Maintaining high turgidity during severe stress (RWC > 70%) with higher photosynthetic rate and
fast recovering efficiency on re-irrigation, was identified as key traits for drought tolerance.
CR 143-2-2 along with AC-43025, AC-43037 and AC-42997 identified to have highest water use
efficiency coupled with slow transpiration rate, low stomatal density with lower canopy temperature
maintenance (34.02°C – 41.18°C) leading to higher biomass production using less water compared
to susceptible check IR 64.
BVD-109 (2.15 tha -1 ), Kalakeri (2.08 tha -1 ), IC 416249 (2.02 tha -1 ) and CR 143-2-2 (1.90) were
identified as promising genotypes with grain yield of 1.90 to 2.15 tha -1 under reproductive stage
A better adaptable water saving technique was understood by alternate cyclic wetting and drying
practice which enabled decreased requirement of irrigation water (about 33%) at the cost of 14 %
yield loss in dry seasons and 3.2% yield loss in wet season.
The highest erecto-foliage leaf orientation coupled with highest photosynthetic rate (35.2 – 49.1µ
mole CO 2 m -2 s -1 ), maximum photosynthetic quantum yield efficiency of PS II (Fv/Fm ratio of 0.770 –
0.808) with high performance index (2.21 – 3.84), high biomass (10-11 t/ha), high HI (0.52), high
panicle number (340) and higher grain filling percentage (>85 %) are key traits contributing for
higher yield potential (> 8.0 t/ha) in Super rice lines was understood.
Published 80 research papers in National and International journals, edited 2 books,
published 25 book chapters, 5 popular article, 4 technology bulletins, 5 training manual and
Attended more than 30 International/National Conference / Seminar/Symposium and presented
Significantly contributed in variety development programme and released 08 nos. of varieties as a
Act as Reviewer for the Journals: ORYZA, Acta Physiologia Plantarum, Field Crop Research,
Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, BMC Plant Biology, Journal of Plant Biochemistry
Handle 11 nos. of Externally Funded Research Projects as PI & Co-PI.
1. Senior Research Fellow, ICAR Fellowship under National Fellow Scheme, Govt. of India, 1984
2. Received Vishuba Sammana Award 1998 by a Social Organisation, Jagatsinghpur, Orissa –
generally, confers awards to Meritorious students of the District being placed in different
3. Received ISPP Fellow Award for the year 2000 by Indian Society for Plant Physiology, New
Delhi for contribution in the field of Plant Physiology and Cognate Sciences.
4. Received Dwarakamayee Sammana, 2008 by Dwarakamayee Seba Sanstha; a Social
Organisation, Odisha for dedicated and devoted work in the field of Science as a Scientist to serve the
society in the state of Odisha.
5. Received Best Scientist Award in Principal Scientist Category in 2014 by NRRI, Cuttack on 68 th
Foundation Day Celebration of NRRI.
6. Received Best Poster Award in 3 rd in ARRW International Symposium at NRRI, Cuttack during
7. Received Best Externally Aided Project Award as Principal Investigator in 2018 by NRRI,
Cuttack on 72 nd Foundation Day Celebration.
8. Received Best Poster Award in International Conference on Climate change, Biodiversity and
Sustainable Agriculture (ICCBSA-2018) at Jorhat, Assam, 13-16 December, 2018.
9. Received Venus International Women Awarad-2020 for Lifetime Achievement in
Agricultural Sciences at Chennai, Tamilnadu on 7 th March 2020.
1. International Rice Research Institute, Philippines during 2006 to attend Training programme
on ‘Increasing the Impact of Rice Breeding Programme’ at International Rice Research Institute,
Philippines. from 17 April to 5 May 2006
2. International Rice Research Institute, Philippines to attend “6 th International Rice Genetics
Symposium (RG 6) and 7 th International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics” from 16th -19th
3. York University, York, United Kingdom to attend SCPRID Resilient Rice Project Annual
Review Meeting from 20 April – 24 April 2015.
4. Attended the 5 th International Rice Congress 2018 at Singapore from 15 to 18 October, 2018.
Life Member of four Professional Societies:
Life Member – Association of Rice Research Workers (ARRW), CRRI, Cuttack.
Life Member – Indian Society for Plant Physiology (ISPP), IARI, New Delhi.
Life Member – Orissa Botanical Society, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Life Member – Monthly Science Magazine “Emerging Science”
Served as Associate Editor for the journal ORYZA from 2000-2007.
Administrative support for Institutional Building:
1. In-Charge – PME Cell
2. Member Secretary, Institute Research Council
3. Chairperson – Deputation Committee
4. Member, Institute Management Committee of CSSRI, Karnal and NRRI, Cuttack
5. Member, Institute Library Advisory Committee
6. Member, Institute Germplasm Identification Committee (IGIC)
7. Member, Institute Technology Management Committee (ITMC)
List of 25 Best Research Publications published in reputed journals (copy of papers attached)
Sl. No. List of Research Publications NAAS
1 Padmini Swain, Anitha Raman, S.P. Singh, Arvind Kumar (2017). Breeding
drought tolerant rice for shallow rainfed ecosystem of eastern India. Field Crops
Research, 209: 168-178 (NAAS Score – 9.13)
2 Swain, P*., Baig, M.J. and Nayak, S. K. (2000). Maintenance respiration of rice
leaves at different growth stages as 4 nfluenced by nitrogen supply. Biologia
Plantarum 43(4): 587-590. (NAAS Score – 7.42)
3 S.B. Verulkar, N.P. Mandal, J.L. Dwivedi, B.N. Singh, P.K. Sinha, R.N. Mahato, P.
Dongre, O.N. Singh, L.K. Bose, P. Swain, S. Robin, R. Chandrababu, S. Senthil, A.
Jain, H.E. Shashidhar, S. Hittalmani, C. Veracruz, T. Paris, A. Raman, S. Haefele,
R. Serraj, G. Atlin, A. Kumar (2010). Breeding resilient and productive genotypes
adapted to drought-prone rainfed ecosystem of India. Field Crop Research 117
(2):197-208. (NAAS Score – 9.13)
4 Renu Singh Yashi Singh Suchit Xalaxo S. Verulkar Neera Yadav Shweta Singh
Nisha Singh K.S.N. Prasad K. Kondayya P.V.Ramana Rao M.Girija Rani T.
Anuradha Y. Suraynarayana P.C. Sharma S.L. Krishnamurthy S.K. Sharma J.L.
Dwivedi A.K. Singh P.K. Singh Nilanjay N.K. Singh Rajesh Kumar S.K. Chetia
T. Ahmad M. Rai P. Perraju Anita Pande D.N. Singh N.P. Mandal J.N. Reddy
O.N. Singh J.L. Katara B. Marandi P. Swain R.K. Sarkar D.P. Singh T.
Mohapatra G. Padmawathi T. Ram R.M. Kathiresan K. Paramsivam S.
Nadarajan S. Thirumeni M. Nagarajan A.K. Singh Prashant Vikram Arvind
Kumar E. Septiningshih U.S. Singh A.M. Ismail D. Mackill Nagendra K. Singh .
(2016). From QTL to variety- harnessing the benefits of QTLs for drought,
flood and salt tolerance in mega rice varieties of India through a multi-
institutional network. Plant Science, 242: 278-287. (NAAS Score – 9.71) (IF:
5 Anitha Raman, Satish B Verulkar, Nimai P Mandal, Mukund Variar, VD Shukla,
JL Dwivedi, BN Singh, ON Singh, Padmini Swain, Ashutosh K Mall, S Robin,
R Chandrababu, Abhinav Jain, Tilatoo Ram, Shailaja Hittalmani, Stephan
Haefele, Hans-Peter Piepho and Arvind Kumar* (2012). Drought yield index to
select high yielding rice lines under different drought stress severities. Rice. 5:31.
(NAAS Score – 9.04)
6 A. Kumar, S.B. Verulkar, N.P. Mandal, M. Variar, V.D. Shukla, J.L. Dwivedi,
B.N. Singh, O.N. Singh, P. Swain, A.K. Mall, S. Robin, R. Chandrababu, A. Jain
h, S.M. Haefele, H.P. Piepho, A. Raman (2012). High-yielding, drought-tolerant,
stable rice genotypes for the shallow rainfed lowland drought-prone ecosystem.
Field Crops Research 133: 37–47. (NAAS Score – 9.13)
7 P. Swain*, Annie Poonam and K.S. Rao (2006). Relationship of physiological
characters with grain yield and yield attributes of rice hybrids under irrigated
transplanted conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 76(8):496-499.
(NAAS Score – 6.23)
8 Padmini Swain*, M. Anumalla, S. Prusty, B.C. Marndi and G.J.N. Rao (2014).
Characterization of some Indian native land race rice accessions for drought
tolerance at seedling stage. Australian Journal of Crop Science. 8(3): 324-331.
(NAAS Score – 6.00)
9 Sevanthi AMV, Kandwal P, Kale PB, Prakash C, Ramkumar MK, Yadav N,
Mahato AK, Sureshkumar V, Behera M, Deshmukh RK, Jeeyaprakash P, Kar M,
Manonmani S, Muthuranjan R, Gopala Krishnan S, Neelamraju S, Sheshshayee
MS, Swain P, Singh AK, Singh NK, Mohapatra T and Sharma RP. (2018).
Whole genome Characterization of a few EMS Induced Mutants of Upland Rice
variety Nagina 22 reveals staggeringly high frequency of SNPs with high
phenotype plasticity. Frontiers in Plant Science, 9 (1179). Doi:
10.3389/fpls.2018.01179. (NAAS Score:10.30).
10 Goutam Kumar Dash, Madhusmita Barik, Akhil Kumar Debata, Mirza Jaynul
Baig and Padmini Swain* (2017). Identification of most important rice root
morphological markers in response to contrasting moisture regimes under
vegetative stage drought. Acta Physiologia Plantarum (2017) 39: 8 (NAAS
Score – 7.44) (IF: 1.58)
11 A.K. Mall, P. Swain*, S. Das, O.N. Singh and A. Kumar (2011). Effect of drought
on yield and drought susceptibility index for quality characters of promising rice
genotypes. Cereal Research Communications 39(1): 22-31. (NAAS Score – 6.49)
12 Adhya TK, Singh ON, Swain P, Ghosh A (2008). Rice in Eastern India: causes
for low productivity and available options. Journal of Rice Research, 2(1): 1-5
(NAAS Score – 3.22)
13 Sudhanshu Sekhar, Darshan Panda, Jitendra Kumar, Niharika Mohanty,
Monalisha Biswal, Mirza J. Baig, Awadhesh Kumar, Ngangkham Umakanta,
Sangamitra Samantaray, Sharat K. Pradhan, Birendra P. Shaw, Padmini Swain
and Lambodar Behera. (2019). Comparative transcriptome profiling of low light
tolerant and sensitive rice varieties induced by low light stress at active tillering
stage. Scientific Reports (2019) 9:5753. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-
42170-5. (NAAS Score: 10.12)
14 Koushik Chakraborty, Krishnendu Chattaopadhyay, Lopamudra Nayak, Soham
Ray, Lucina Yeasmin, Priyanka Jena, Sunanda Gupta, Sangram K Mohanty,
Padmini Swain, Ramani K Sarkar (2019). Ionic selectivity and coordinated
transport of Na + and K + in flag leaves render differential salt tolerance in rice at
the reproductive stage. Planta. 1-17. DOI: 10.1007/s00425-019-03253-9
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. (NAAS Score: 9.25)
15 Bappa Das, Rabi N. Sahoo, Sourabh Pargal, Gopal Krishna, Rakesh Verma,
Viswanathan Chinnusamy, Vinay K. Sehgal, Vinod K. Gupta, Sushanta K. Dash,
Padmini Swain (2018). Quantitative monitoring of sucrose, reducing sugar and
total sugar dynamics for phenotyping of water-deficit stress tolerance in rice
through spectroscopy and chemometrics. Spectrochimica Acta Part A:
Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 192: 41–51. (NAAS Score- 8.88)
16 M.S. Anantha, Devraj Patel, Marinell Quintana, Padmini Swain, Jawaharlal L.
Dwivedi, Rolando O. Torres, Satish B. Verulkar, Mukund Variar, Nimai P.
Mandal, Arvind Kumar, and Amelia Henry (2016). Trait Combinations That
Improve Rice Yield under Drought: Sahbhagi Dhan and New Drought-Tolerant
Varieties in South Asia. Crop Science, 56: 408-421. (NAAS Score – 7.64) (IF:
17 Baig, M.J., Swain, P. and Murty K.S. (1998). The photosynthetic efficiency of
some elite rice hybrids and restorers. Photosynthetica. 35(2): 241-245. (NAAS
Score – 7.74)
18 Banik A, Dash G K, Swain P, Kumar U, Mukhopadhyay S K and Dangar T K
(2019). Application of rice (Oryza sativa L.) root endophytic
diazotrophic Azotobacter sp. Strain Avi2 (MCC 3432) can increase rice yield
under green house and field condition. Microbiological Research, 219: 56-65.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2018.11.004.NAAS Rate-8.78 (NAAS Score:
19 P. Raghuveer Rao , D. Subrhamanyam , B. Sailaja , R. P. Singh , V.
Ravichandran , G. V. Sudershan Rao , Padmini Swain , S. G. Sharma Somnath
Saha , S. Nadarajan , P. J.R. Reddy , Alok Shukla , P. C. Dey , D. P. Patel , S.
Ravichandran and S. R. Voleti (2013): Influence of Boron on Spikelet Fertility
under Varied Soil Conditions in Rice Genotypes, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 36
(3):390-400. (NAAS Score – 6.57)
20 Upendra Kumar, Megha Kaviraja, P. Panneerselvam, Himani Priya, Koushik
Chakraborty, P. Swain, S.N. Chatterjee, S.G. Sharma, P.K. Nayak, A.K. Nayak
(2019). Ascorbic acid formulation for survivability and diazotrophic efficacy of
Azotobacter chroococcum Avi2 (MCC 3432) under hydrogen peroxide stress and
its role in plant-growth promotion in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Physiology
and Biochemistry 139 (2019) 419–427.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.04.003 (NAAS Score: 8.72)
21 Awadhesh Kumar, Goutam Kumar Dash, Madhusmita Barik, Puja Archana
Panda, Milan Kumar Lal, Mirza Jaynul Baig, Padmini Swain * (2020). Effect of
Drought stress on Resistant starch content and Glycemic index of rice (Oryza
sativa L.) Starch-Starke. DOI: 10.1002/star.201900229 (NAAS Score: 8.17)
22 Koushik Chakraborty, Subhankar Mondal, Soham Ray, Pankajini Samal,
Bhubaneswar Pradhan, Krishnendu Chattopadhyay, Meera Kumari Kar, Padmini
Swain, Ramani Kumar Sarkar. (2020). Tissue tolerance coupled with ionic
discrimination can potentially minimize the energy cost of salinity tolerance in
rice. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11: 265. Publisher: Frontiers (NAAS Score:
23 Sangita Mohanty, 1A. K. Nayak . C. K. Swain, B. Dhal , Anjani Kumar , Rahul
Tripathi , M. Shahid , B. Lal , P. Gautam , Goutam Kumar Dash , P. Swain
(2020). Silicon enhances yield and nitrogen use efficiency of tropical low land
rice. Agronomy Journal. First published:12 December 2019;
https://doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20087 (NAAS Score: 7.90)
24 Awadhesh Kumar,* Chandrasekhar Sahu, Puja A Panda, Monalisa Biswal,
Rameswar P Sah, Milan K Lal, Mirza J Baig, Padmini Swain, Lambodar
Behera, Krishnendu Chattopadhyay and Srigopal Sharma (2020). Phytic acid
content may affect starch digestibility and glycemic index value of rice (Oryza
sativa L.). Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture 2020; 100:
1598–1607. (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI 10.1002/jsfa.10168 (NAAS Score:
25 Bhandari Aditi, JayaswalPawan, Yadav Neera, Singh Renu, Singh Yashi, Singh
Balwant, Singh Nisha, Singh Sangeeta, SevanthiAmitha, Rai Vandna, Verulkar
Satish, Rao PV Ramana, M Girija Rani, T Anuradha, PV Satyanarayana, SL
Krishnamurthy, Sharma Prabodh, Singh Deepika, Singh PK, Nilanjay, Kumar
Rajesh, Sanjay Chetia, T Ahmad, Rai Mayank, Katara JL, Marandi B, Swain P,
Sarkar RK, Singh DP, Reddy JN, Mandal N, Paramsivam K, Nadarajan S,
Thirumeni S, BadriJyothi, G Padmavathi, T Ram and Singh Nagendra. (2019).
Genomics-assisted backcross breeding for infusing climate resilience in high-
yielding green revolution varieties of rice. Indian Journal of Genetics. 79(1):
160-170. (NAAS Score: 6.42)
*Based on NAAS Score of Science Journals (Effective from January 1, 2019)
Authors/Editors Year of
Title Name of
1 Pathak H, Nayak AK,
Maiti D, Kumar GAK,
Reddy JN, Ratha PC,
Swain P and
2019 National Rice
2 Baig MJ, Swain P,
Hanjagi PS, Gowda B,
2019 Climate Change:
Bhattacharyya P. Photosynthesis and
Productivity of Rice.
Citations, h-index, i-10 index as per the Google Scholar
Citation parameters Number
1 h-index 12
2 i-10 index 14
3 Citations 584
*As per Google Scholar Citation
Products as Variety Release programme:
Released by Patent
1 CR Dhan 200 (Pyari) SVRC for Odisha
(Annexure I, Page no.1)
S.O. 312 (E),
1.2.2013 (Dept of
Agric & Co-
2 CR Dhan 502 (Jayanti
Dhan) (IET 20706)
SVRC for Odisha (Deep
(Annexure I, Page no. 2)
S.O. 312 (E),
1.2.2013 (Dept of
Agric & Co-
3 CR Dhan 305 (IET 21287) CVRC for Jharkhand,
S.O. 1919 (E),
of Agric & Co-
4 CR Dhan 206 (Gopinath) SVRC for Odisha
of Agric & Co-
5 CR Dhan 101 (Ankit) SVRC for Odisha (Upland) S.O.112 (E),
of Agric & Co-
6 CR Dhan 802 (Subhash)
CVRC for Bihar, Madhya
Pradesh (Climate Smart
S.O. 1498 (E)
of Agric & Co-
7 CR Dhan 510 (IET 23895) CVRC for West Bengal,
Odisha (Semi deep)
.O. 1498 (E)
of Agric & Co-
8 CR Dhan 602 (IET 25692) CVRC for Assam and
2019 Co- Developer
Unique Rice Germplasm lines registered at NBPGR, New Delhi
Name Unique trait INGR No. Developer/
1 Mahulata Vegetative stage drought
INGR 08112, 2008 Developer/
Identified by me
2 Brahman Nakhi Vegetative stage drought
INGR 10150, 2010 Developer/
Identified by me
3 Salkaiin Vegetative stage drought
INGR 10151, 2010 Developer/
Identified by me
4 CR 143-2-2 Both for Vegetative and
reproductive stage drought
INGR 10719, 2017 Developer/
Identified by me